Which of these should be reportable diseases to protect public health? (2023)

Table of Contents

What are the 5 reportable diseases?

Diseases and Conditions
  • Diseases and Conditions.
  • Diseases and Conditions.
  • Healthcare-Associated Infections.
  • Cancer.
  • Communicable Diseases.
  • Diabetes.
  • Disease Reporting.
Aug 30, 2022

(Video) Disease Reporting
(Central Shenandoah Health District)
What should be a reportable disease?

A disease that, when diagnosed, requires health providers (usually by law) to report to state or local public health officials. Notifiable diseases are of public interest by reason of their contagiousness, severity, or frequency.

(Video) National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System with Paula Yoon, ScD, MPH
(Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC))
What are diseases of public health concern?

A public health problem, therefore, is a medical issue that affects a significant portion of a specific population. Some examples include chronic illnesses like Type 2 diabetes, infectious diseases such as HIV and tuberculosis, mental health challenges, and even motor vehicle accidents.

(Video) #13m Vectors, Reservoirs, and CDC Reportable Diseases
(Joey Johnson)
Which of the following diseases must be reported to the manager and to the health department?

Things to be reported to management include: • Vomiting, diarrhea, jaundice, sore throat with fever, or any exposed boil or open, infected wounds or cuts on the hands or arms; • An illness diagnosed by a health practitioner that was caused by: Salmonella Typhi or typhoid-like fever, Shigella spp., Norovirus, hepatitis ...

(Video) Who's Protecting Public Health? Part 1
(UW Video)
What are the big 6 reportable illnesses?

They list “The Big 6” pathogens (Norovirus, Nontyphoidal Salmonella, Salmonella Typhi, E. coli, Shigella, and Hepatitis A) as being highly infectious, able to cause severe disease in small quantities, and each will be featured individually in this series of articles.

(Video) Session 4 Public health surveillance (scratching the surface)
(Denis Nash)
What are the 5 most common diseases?

Common Illnesses
  • Allergies.
  • Colds and Flu.
  • Conjunctivitis ("pink eye“)
  • Diarrhea.
  • Headaches.
  • Mononucleosis.
  • Stomach Aches.

(Video) The Public Health System & the Healthcare Delivery System: Working Together to Protect the Community
(Carilion Children's Outreach Education)
Which is the most common reportable infectious disease?

Most Common Infectious Diseases in the U.S.
  • Chlamydia. 1/15. This sexually transmitted disease affects men and women. ...
  • Influenza A and B. 2/15. ...
  • Staph. 3/15. ...
  • E. Coli. 4/15. ...
  • Herpes Simplex 1. 5/15. ...
  • Herpes Simplex 2. 6/15. ...
  • Shigellosis. 7/15. ...
  • Syphilis. 8/15.
Jan 29, 2022

(Video) Empowering Nurses to Protect Themselves and Their Patients
(Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC))
What are immediate reportable disease?

Polio, avian influenza, rabies and neonatal tetanus are all immediately reportable priority diseases.

(Video) Summit 2: Data Modernization
What is a notifiable illness and who would you need to report this to?

When certain diseases and illnesses occur, government health authorities must be informed about the occurrence — these are known as 'notifiable' diseases. Many, but not all, notifiable diseases are infectious diseases (sometimes known as 'communicable' diseases).

(Video) Information Sharing 101: Protecting Public Health Data
(National Governors Association)
What is the most important public health concern?

Cardiovascular diseases — primarily heart disease and stroke — are the leading global cause of death, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). Common heart diseases include coronary artery disease, arrhythmia, and cerebrovascular disease.

(Video) COVID-19 BC Update, Oct 29

What are 3 public health ways to prevent disease?

Learn these healthy habits to protect yourself from disease and prevent germs and infectious diseases from spreading.
  • Handle & Prepare Food Safely. ...
  • Wash Hands Often. ...
  • Clean & Disinfect Commonly Used Surfaces. ...
  • Cough & Sneeze Into Your Sleeve. ...
  • Don't Share Personal Items. ...
  • Get Vaccinated. ...
  • Avoid Touching Wild Animals.

(Video) The Role of CDC and Public Health Agencies in AFM Surveillance | Part I
(Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC))
What is the definition of disease in public health?

disease, any harmful deviation from the normal structural or functional state of an organism, generally associated with certain signs and symptoms and differing in nature from physical injury. A diseased organism commonly exhibits signs or symptoms indicative of its abnormal state.

Which of these should be reportable diseases to protect public health? (2023)
Which diseases must be reported to the public health Department quizlet?

The CDC issues a list of notifiable diseases for which it requests reports from each state health department. These include diseases such as Aids, Hepatitis, Malaria, and Measles (among many others). Recently, diseases caused by bioterrorism agents, such as anthrax, were added to the CDC list of notifiable diseases.

Which of the following is the most common type of healthcare associated infection reported?

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are the most common type of HAI. They affect the urinary tract (kidneys, bladders, urethra and ureters).

Which infections must be reported to public health officials select all that apply?

Syphilis (including congenital syphilis), gonorrhea, chlamydia, chancroid, and HIV are reportable diseases in every state.

Which of these is one of the reportable big five pathogens?

These five foodborne pathogens, also known as the “Big 5,” include Norovirus, the Hepatitis A virus, Salmonella Typhi, Shigella spp., and Escherichia coli (E. coli) O157:H7 or other Enterohemorrhagic or Shiga toxin-producing E. coli.

What are the big 6 pathogens?

The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has identified six serogroups, known as the “big six”: E. coli O26, O45, O103, O111, O121, and O145.

What are the 5 reportable symptoms of foodborne illness?

Common symptoms of foodborne illness are diarrhea and/or vomiting, typically lasting 1 to 7 days. Other symptoms might include abdominal cramps, nausea, fever, joint/back aches, and fatigue.

What are the 4 major diseases?

Cardiovascular diseases account for most NCD deaths, or 17.9 million people annually, followed by cancers (9.3 million), chronic respiratory diseases (4.1 million), and diabetes (2.0 million including kidney disease deaths caused by diabetes).

What are the top 3 diseases?

Leading Causes of Death
  • Heart disease: 695,547.
  • Cancer: 605,213.
  • COVID-19: 416,893.
  • Accidents (unintentional injuries): 224,935.
  • Stroke (cerebrovascular diseases): 162,890.
  • Chronic lower respiratory diseases: 142,342.
  • Alzheimer's disease: 119,399.
  • Diabetes: 103,294.

What are the 7 types of diseases?

What are the types of infectious diseases?
  • Viral infections. Viruses are a piece of information (DNA or RNA) inside of a protective shell (capsid). ...
  • Bacterial infections. ...
  • Fungal infections. ...
  • Parasitic infections. ...
  • Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs/prion diseases).
Jun 6, 2022

What is the most common infectious disease and enormous public health problem?

Tuberculosis. TB is arguably the world's leading cause of death from an infectious agent. The WHO estimates that 10.4 million new cases and 1.5 million deaths occur from TB each year (WHO 2016a). One-third of TB cases remain unknown to the health care system.

What are 3 examples of infectious diseases?

Quick Links
  • Campylobacter Infection.
  • Hepatitis A.
  • Hepatitis B.
  • Hepatitis C.
  • Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19)
  • Influenza (Flu)
  • Measles.
  • Meningococcal Disease.

What are the 5 most common infectious diseases CDC?

  • Infectious Disease.
  • Influenza.
  • Measles, Mumps, and Rubella.
  • Pneumonia.
  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD)
  • Chronic Sinusitis.
  • Whooping Cough or Pertussis.
  • Home.

What are serious reportable events in healthcare?

The SREs focus on the following areas:

Surgical or Invasive Procedure events. Product or Device events. Patient Protection events. Care Management events.

What is an example of a reportable occupational disease?

Reportable diseases include carpal tunnel syndrome, severe cramp of the hand or forearm, occupational dermatitis, hand-arm vibration syndrome, occupational asthma, tendonitis or tenosynovitis of the hand or forearm, any occupational cancer and any disease attributed to an occupational exposure to a biological agent.

What is a Class 1 reportable disease?

Class 1A: Diseases of major public health importance which shall be reported directly to the Department of Health by telephone within 24 hours of first knowledge or suspicion. Class 1A diseases and conditions are dictated by requiring an immediate public health response.

Which of the following are notifiable diseases?

List of notifiable diseases
  • Acute encephalitis.
  • Acute infectious hepatitis.
  • Acute meningitis.
  • Acute poliomyelitis.
  • Anthrax.
  • Botulism.
  • Brucellosis.
  • Cholera.

What is mandatory reporting of notifiable diseases?

Duties in Mandatory Reporting of Notifiable Diseases

The Epidemiology Board of the DOH is tasked to issue the official list of institutionalized public health information system, disease surveillance and response systems for mandatory reporting of notifiable diseases and health events of public concern.

What is mandatory reporting of notifiable diseases and health events of public health act?

-This Act shall be known as the "Mandatory Reporting of Notifiable Diseases and Health Events of Public Health Concern Act". Section 2. Declaration of Policy. -It is hereby declared the policy of the State to protect and promote the right to health of the people and instill health consciousness among them.

What are the 3 largest threats to public health in the US today?

These threats to public health are some of the most costly and impactful in the modern age:
  • Climate Change. ...
  • Obesity. ...
  • Antibiotic and Antimicrobial Resistance.
Jan 23, 2023

Is diabetes a public health issue?

About 422 million people worldwide have diabetes, the majority living in low-and middle-income countries, and 1.5 million deaths are directly attributed to diabetes each year. Both the number of cases and the prevalence of diabetes have been steadily increasing over the past few decades.

What is an example of public health?

The many facets of public health include speaking out for laws that promote smoke-free indoor air and seatbelts, spreading the word about ways to stay healthy and giving science-based solutions to problems. Public health saves money, improves our quality of life, helps children thrive and reduces human suffering.

What are the 3 principles of public health?

This page and graphic show how the ten essential environmental health services align with the three core functions of public health (assessment, policy development, and assurance).

What are the 4 levels of prevention in public health?

These preventive stages are primordial prevention, primary prevention, secondary prevention, and tertiary prevention. Combined, these strategies not only aim to prevent the onset of disease through risk reduction, but also downstream complications of a manifested disease.

What is primary prevention in public health?

Primary Prevention—intervening before health effects occur, through. measures such as vaccinations, altering risky behaviors (poor eating. habits, tobacco use), and banning substances known to be associated.

What makes a disease of public health importance?

Condition of public health importance means a disease, injury, or other condition that is identifiable on an individual or community level and that can reasonably be expected to lead to adverse health effects in the community.

What are the elements of public health?

Common elements of the frameworks include surveillance, governance/financing, health promotion, health protection/legislation, research, and human resources.

What are different type of diseases?

There are four main types of disease: infectious diseases, deficiency diseases, hereditary diseases (including both genetic diseases and non-genetic hereditary diseases), and physiological diseases. Diseases can also be classified in other ways, such as communicable versus non-communicable diseases.

Which of the following diseases are of the most concern to healthcare workers?

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), and hepatitis C virus (HCV) are three of the most common bloodborne pathogens from which health care workers are at risk.

Which four of these diseases were among the first notifiable diseases cases of which were required to be reported to the US government in 1878?

In 1878, Congress authorized the U.S. Marine Hospital Service (the forerunner of today's Public Health Service {PHS}) to collect morbidity reports on cholera, smallpox, plague, and yellow fever from U.S. consuls overseas; this information was used to institute quarantine measures to prevent the introduction and spread ...

What is the most frequently reported infectious disease in the United States?

Chlamydia trachomatis is responsible for the greatest number of sexually transmitted infections and the majority of infection-related of blindness worldwide. In the United States, it is the most commonly reported bacterial infection.

What are 4 common types to get healthcare-associated infections?

CDC works to monitor and prevent these infections because they are an important threat to patient safety.
  • Central Line-associated Bloodstream Infection (CLABSI) ...
  • Catheter-associated Urinary Tract Infections (CAUTI) ...
  • Surgical Site Infection (SSI) ...
  • Ventilator-associated Pneumonia (VAP)

What are reportable diseases also referred to as?

Reporting Notifiable Conditions

These are referred to as notifiable conditions.

What pathogens must be reported?

Infection with Salmonella, Shiga-toxin producing Escherichia coli (STEC, including O157 and other serogroups), Listeria, Shigella, Vibrio, and hepatitis A virus, as well as botulism, are reportable almost everywhere in the United States.

Why are infectious diseases required to be reported?

Reporting of cases of communicable disease is important in the planning and evaluation of disease prevention and control programs, in the assurance of appropriate medical therapy, and in the detection of common-source outbreaks.

What are the 7 killer diseases?

7 Deadliest Diseases in History: Where are they now?
  • The Black Death: Bubonic Plague. ...
  • The Speckled Monster: Smallpox. ...
  • Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) ...
  • Avian Influenza: Not Just One For The Birds. ...
  • Ebola: On The Radar Again. ...
  • Leprosy: A Feared Disease That Features In The Old Testament.
Aug 15, 2022

What are the 5 most common fatal diseases in the United States?

Which diseases cause the most death in the US?
  • U.S. mortality.
  • Heart disease.
  • Cancer.
  • Chronic lower respiratory disease.
  • Cerebrovascular disease.
  • Alzheimer's disease.
  • Summary.
Jun 25, 2020

What are the 10 major diseases?

The 10 most dangerous diseases in today's society
  1. Ischemic heart disease, or coronary artery disease. ...
  2. Stroke. ...
  3. Lower respiratory tract infections. ...
  4. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. ...
  5. Tracheal, bronchial and lung cancer. ...
  6. Diabetes. ...
  7. Alzheimer's disease and other dementias. ...
  8. Dehydration due to diarrhea.

What are the top 10 killer diseases in the US?

Leading Causes of Death
  • Heart disease: 695,547.
  • Cancer: 605,213.
  • COVID-19: 416,893.
  • Accidents (unintentional injuries): 224,935.
  • Stroke (cerebrovascular diseases): 162,890.
  • Chronic lower respiratory diseases: 142,342.
  • Alzheimer's disease: 119,399.
  • Diabetes: 103,294.

What are the 20 common diseases?

Common Infectious Diseases
  • Chickenpox.
  • Common cold.
  • Diphtheria.
  • E. coli.
  • Giardiasis.
  • Infectious mononucleosis.
  • Influenza (flu)

What are the top 3 infectious diseases?

The world's deadliest infections, including Tuberculosis, Malaria and HIV/AIDS, have been considered as the "Big Three" infectious diseases (BTIDs).

What is the number one disease in the US?

Number 1 – Heart Disease. Heart disease is a term that includes many specific heart conditions. According to the CDC, coronary artery disease (CAD), which can lead to heart attacks, is the most common heart disease in the United States.

What is the #1 preventable disease and death in the US?

1 Most Preventable Cause of Death in the United States. These are facts: The number of U.S. citizens who have died prematurely due to smoking is more than 10 times the number of U.S. citizens who have died in all of U.S. wars combined.

What are different types of disease?

There are four main types of disease: infectious diseases, deficiency diseases, hereditary diseases (including both genetic diseases and non-genetic hereditary diseases), and physiological diseases. Diseases can also be classified in other ways, such as communicable versus non-communicable diseases.

What are the 2 most common diseases?

An estimated 600,000 Americans die of cancer each year. This is equal to more than 1600 cancer deaths every day. Cancer is only second to cardiovascular diseases as the most common cause of death among Americans.

What are notifiable diseases list four 4 such diseases?

Nationally Notifiable Diseases
  • Cholera.
  • Cryptosporidiosis.
  • Cyclosporiasis.
  • Giardiasis.
  • Hepatitis A.
  • Legionellosis.
  • Malaria*
  • Salmonellosis.

What are the three major diseases?

Chronic diseases such as heart disease, cancer, and diabetes are the leading causes of death and disability in the United States. They are also leading drivers of the nation's $4.1 trillion in annual health care costs.

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